Progress MS-09 arrived at the ISS in July 2018 and docked to the Pirs module after just 2.5 orbits of Earth. It is expected to undock with the module in early 2019.
The spacecraft brought to the space station about 2,450 kilograms of cargo and supplies, including 705 kilograms of propellant, 50 kilograms of oxygen and air and 420 kilograms of water.
It was third attempt by the Roscosmos state space corporation to send a spacecraft on an ultra-fast rendezvous profile to the ISS. The previous two attempts were thwarted by last-second launch aborts on the Soyuz 2.1a carrier rocket.
Several hours after undocking, the autonomous spacecraft is expected to perform a deorbit burn and safely break apart over the south Pacific Ocean.